Announcing the 2016 Undergraduate Research Award Winners
UO Libraries honors six students for outstanding achievement in scholarship
Six University of Oregon students who authored outstanding research papers and theses during the 2015 calendar year have been named winners in the university's Undergraduate Research Awards competition. Sponsored by the University of Oregon Libraries, the annual program honors UO students who produce exceptional original research and scholarship using UO Libraries collections and resources. A reception honoring the recipients was held in the Knight Library Browsing Room on Friday, May 13, 2016.
“We are proud to honor these outstanding students and the faculty members who mentored them during their research projects,” said Adriene Lim, dean of libraries and Philip H. Knight chair. “The celebration of their work allows us also to appreciate the UO Libraries’ role in ensuring undergraduate student success and our engagement in enriching the student experience, which are among the university’s highest priorities.”
URA winners cited librarians Jonathan Cain, Jennifer O'Neal, Miriam Rigby, Dean Walton, David Woken, Annie Zeidman-Karpinski, and Kaiping Zhang for providing valuable guidance through the research process.
Electronic copies of all winning students’ work will be deposited in Scholars’ Bank, the library’s open access digital archive for UO research, publications, and supporting materials.
The Undergraduate Research Awards are made possible by endowments established through the generous support of Gretchen and Walt Barger, Lisa and Jon Stine, and Barbara Blinco Sparks.
Winners in the Thesis Category
Major: Psychology and Sociology
Faculty Sponsor: Barbara Mossberg, Robert D. Clark Honors College
This study examined the influence of internalizing and externalizing symptoms during early adolescence on the subsequent development of depressive disorder. The role that temperament plays in predisposing individuals to these particular pathways was also examined. Logistical regression analyses revealed that internalizing symptoms and social-externalizing problems were significant risk pathways to the development of depression. Moreover, high levels of effortful control acted as a protective factor for the development of depression across both symptom pathways, suggesting that it may be an important target for prevention strategies.
Faculty Sponsor: Diane Baxter, Anthropology
For immigrants and refugees, the concept of “home” is seldom a concrete definition, as the question of where “home” is - either in the country of origin or the new country - activates a tension in self-identity. For the Palestinian immigration and refugee experience, the longstanding Arab-Israeli Conflict produces an even more complex tension. The purpose of this study is to explore this tension in a Palestinian-American context. An oral history project about Ibrahim Hamide, a restaurateur and human rights activist in Eugene, Oregon, it sheds light on post-trauma resilience and documents a piece of history for the Eugene community.
Major: History and International Studies
Faculty Sponsor: Lindsay Braun, History
Fugitive Queens: Amakhosikazi and the Continuous Evolution of Gender and Power in KwaZulu-Natal (1816-1889)
Scholars widely recognize that Amakhosikazi (elite women) played a vital role within the Zulu pre-colonial state. However, histories have categorized these women as accessory to the lives of powerful men. Through close readings of oral traditions, travelogues, and government documentation, this thesis discusses how amakhosikazi exhibited power, and tracks changes in their social position from the early years of the Zulu chiefdom in the 1750s until the 1887 annexation by British forces. As a result of changes in women’s access to male power sources, elite women became marginalized in both Zulu and colonial political structures.
Major: International Studies and Economics
Faculty Sponsor: Galen Martin, International Studies and Environmental Studies
This thesis explores how genocide prevention has progressed in the twenty-first century with an examination of the crisis in the Central African Republic. This project demonstrates that tools created to prompt prevention and reaction to genocide have been effective but the frameworks through which the international community addresses genocide must be enlarged for the sustainability of the intervention. Through showing that genocide prevention in the Central African Republic has been effective, this research highlights the importance of continuously adapting our methods of prevention to create durable visions of peace.
Winners in the Term Paper Category
Major: Economics and History
Faculty Sponsor: James Mohr, History
When the Reading Railroad combined with two other railroad companies in 1892, it controlled more than half of New York City’s market for anthracite coal. Twelve months later, the company collapsed. This paper tracks the events of those twelve months, particularly the actions of the Reading’s president, Archibald A. McLeod, or as his contemporaries called him, “the Napoleon of Railroads.” The story displays important features of American railroad business during the 1890’s: the role of government, monopolistic discourse, and divergent meanings of a company.
Faculty Sponsor: Julie Weise, History
Sexuality, Gender, and U.S. Imperialism after Philippine Independence: An Examination of Gender and Sexual Stereotypes of Pilipina Entertainment Workers and U.S. Servicemen
This paper examines the continuation of U.S. imperialism in the Philippines after Philippine Independence in 1946 through the gendered and sexual stereotypes of U.S. men and Philippine women. These perceptions of the women as submissive and dependent were constructed through women’s interactions with U.S. military men, who were seen as powerful and wealthy. This paper connects the events around U.S. military bases at that time to present-day stereotypes associated with Asian-born women married to U.S. men in the United States, as well as the current discussions of reopening U.S. military bases in the Philippines.