University of Oregon

Historic Photograph Collections

Americans in Mexico by Percy Cox. PH174-05Eugene P. Lyle, Jr. photographs, 1874-1950s.

Collection number: PH174

Extent: .3 linear ft. (1 container)

Access restrictions: None.

Publication rights: Property rights reside with Special Collections and University Archives. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish images must be submitted to the Photographs Curator of Special Collections and University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Image shown: "Americans in the capitol of Mexico, the latter-day invasion," by Percy Cox, c.1900. PH174-05. All rights reserved.

Provenance: The collection was donated in 1981 by Eugene P. Lyle III, son of the collector.

Preferred citation: [Identification of item], Eugene P. Lyle Jr. photographs, PH174-[image number], Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403-1299.

Abstract

Eugene P. Lyle Jr. (1873-1961) was a journalist and a writer of pulp fiction. He resided in Mexico for a number of years between 1897 and 1907 and was interested in the country's political and economic development. The collection is notable for a series of images documenting Mexico before the Revolution, by Percy Cox, C.B. Waite, and unidentified photographers. A second series shows the members of Lyle's literary club, the San Diego "Padres," and historical discoveries at Mission San Diego de Alcala. The third series includes portraits of Lyle and family members, and research images for his 1920 story, "The High-Grader," and postcards from Holy City, California.

Historical Sketch

Eugene P. Lyle Jr. was born December 31, 1873 in Dallas, Texas. His father was a mining engineer, his mother a member of the pioneer Angers family of Louisiana. The family moved to Lathrop, Missouri in 1879. Lyle attended high school in Kansas City, Missouri, spent two years at the University of Michigan, and worked at the Kansas City Times 1894-1897.

Eugene Lyle had a close relationship with Mexico. His parents lived in San Luis Potosi from the 1890s through the 1910s. His father was employed by the Compañia Metalúrgica Mexicana, and San Luis Potosi was the site of the company's smelter. Lyle lived with them 1897-1902, and came back to Mexico 1903-1905 and 1906-1907. He wrote fiction and non-fiction about the region. His sister, Gertie, was also a Mexican resident after her marriage, and escaped with her family to Veracruz during the 1914 invasion.

With his first wife, Ethel McGill, Lyle tried farming on the James River in Virginia from 1907-1916. They had three children, Eugene the 3rd, Marjorie Virginia, and Ethel. The couple divorced in 1914 and Lyle retained custody of his son, who later became a writer. In 1927 Lyle married Gwladys Morgan, a physician who also wrote juvenile literature about Wales and poetry.

Lyle began writing short stories and magazine articles and published his first novel in 1898. He began contributing regularly to Everybody's Magazine, Munsey's, and World's Work, primarily investigative articles. He met O'Henry and Jack London. Lyle traveled to Europe as a correspondent for Everybody's Magazine in 1902-1905; worked for World's Work in Central America for several years; and in 1909 became a staff writer for Hampton's Magazine. After 1914 his work appeared in many venues including Collier's, The Saturday Evening Post, Sunset, and McBride's. After the war he moved with his son to San Diego, and in addition to writing, helped bring some of his stories to the screen (Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. starred in The Gaucho in 1928). In San Diego he became involved with a writers' club, The Padres, and continued his interest in researching local history through explorations at the Mission San Diego de Alcala. Eugene P. Lyle Jr. died in San Diego in 1961.

Lyle's novels include Don Swashbuckler (1898); a best-seller, The Missourian (1905); Lone Star (1907); and The Transformation of Krag (1911); and Castaways' Island (1925). A serial, "D'Artagnan of Kansas," appeared in Everybody's Magazine while his co-authored work "A Dash of Irish" was being printed in Adventure in 1912-1914. His investigative journalism topics included the Supreme Court, the Kentucky tobacco wars, and the Guggenheim Trust in the US, while his writings about Central America explored politics, economy, and developing countries. Many short stories are in the Western genre, such as "Blaze Derringer"; others are adventures or speculative fiction.

Lyle wrote two articles that continue to be notable and led to the nickname, "The Prophet of Mission Hills," that titled a biographical article by fellow Padre E.L. Dieckmann in American History Illustrated (November 1976). "The War of 1938" foresaw many of the issues that led to World War II and was published in Everybody's Magazine in September 1918. The article was widely reprinted during the final days of the First World War, and saw light again in 1940. "The Advance of Wireless," a contemplation on emerging technologies and progress that appeared in World's Work in February 1905, has been cited in conjunction with the development of wireless computer networks.

Scope and Contents

The Eugene P. Lyle, Jr. collection consists of 81 photographic prints and four negatives. Most of the images are by anonymous photographers. The collection is arranged into three series: Mexico, San Diego, and Miscellaneous. Mexico series is dated c. 1897-1910, during the presidency of Porfirio Diaz and his modernization program. The series includes five photos by Percy Cox, who worked with Lyle at the Kansas City Times 1894-1897 and probably traveled with him during Lyle's 1897-1902 residence in Mexico. Nine are by Charles Burlingame "C.B." Waite (1861-1929) of Mexico City and three by Schlattman Hermanos of Mexico. The San Diego series dates from the 1940s and includes Lyle with his literary club, the Padres, and historical investigations at Mission San Diego de Alcala. The Miscellaneous series includes vintage family photographs; research images from Lyle's 1920 story about mining criminals, "The High-Grader"; formal portraits of Eugene P. Lyle, Jr.; and a series of postcards of Holy City, California, c. 1930. Holy City was a community near Los Gatos, established in 1919 by "Father" William Riker to foster the "Perfect Christian Divine Way" of celibacy, abstinence, and white supremacy. The community boomed during the 1930s but collapsed when Riker, following a bid to become governor of California, was tried for pro-German sentiments.

Mexico

  • PH174_01 Mabel Mestayer [?] Mexico, 1906. [Young woman seated in front of garden wall at San Luis Potosi.] Mexico BY Unknown 1906
  • PH174_02 [Young Hispanic or tribal woman holding child; boy sits on park bench behind.] Mexico BY Unknown 1906 c.
  • PH174_03 Slag pots on the dump of the smelter at San Luis Potosi, Mexico Mexico BY Unknown 1900 c.
  • PH174_04 [Façade of cathedral and street market] Mexico BY Unknown 1900 c.
  • PH174_05 Americans in the capitol of Mexico, the latter-day invasion. [Four men in automobile in a plaza.] Mexico BY Cox, Percy S. of Mexico 1900 c.
  • PH174_06 Tolna Road, for which Americans are largely responsible. [Rear view of auto on broad dirt road.] Mexico BY Cox, Percy S. of Mexico 1900 c.
  • PH174_07 Automobiling in Mexico, Tolna Road. [Rear view of auto on tree-lined road through fields.] Mexico BY Cox, Percy S. of Mexico 1900 c.
  • PH174_08 Chapultepec. [View from grounds of Chapultepec Castle, former home of Maximilian of Hapsburg and Mexican presidents. Now a national history museum.] Mexico BY Unknown 1900 c.
  • PH174_09 On Mexico National Railroad. By contrast, this shows the two American invasions. X shows where American soldiers who died from wounds at Buena Vista are buried in Sotillo. [Faded image of town with plain in front.] Mexico BY Unknown 1900 c.
  • PH174_10 Las Teresas: Mex's first prison. [Façade of a large structure.] Mexico BY Unknown 1900 c.
  • PH174_11 New national observatory. Tacabuya, Mexico Mexico BY Mexican Herald 1929 c.
  • PH174_12 Instituto Geologica Nacional, Plaza de Santa Maria, Mexico. [façade of national geographic institute.] Mexico BY Mexican Herald 1900 c.
  • PH174_13 [Man on horseback and small child under very large tree. Partial copyright statement in Spanish.] Mexico BY Unknown 1900 c.
  • PH174_14 President Diaz inspecting warehouse at Coalzocoalcos [Pres. Porfirio Diaz and entourage walk through warehouse. Spectators at side.] Mexico BY Unknown 1900 c.
  • PH174_15 Salina Cruz. Evacuation from which sand was taken in making cement blocks for construction of breakwater. [Pres. Diaz and entourage.] Mexico BY Unknown 1900 c.
  • PH174_16 Key to the port with which President Diaz officially opened traffic on Tehuantepec railroad. Mexico BY Unknown 1899 c.
  • PH174_17 [Advertisement for Percy S. Cox of Mexico City on preprinted Kodak advertisement with original view in Mexico City. Successor to R. J. Carmichael, Cox & Carmichael--1880-1920] Mexico BY Cox, Percy S. of Mexico 1900 c.
  • PH174_18 "A corner of the private garden of the president at Chapultepec." Mexico BY Waite, Charles Burlingame (1861-1929) of Mexico City 1900 c.
  • PH174_19 The New American mine, El Oro, Mexico. "The civilization that is coming." [View of modern mine buildings, with locomotive, in a rural valley. Horse and agave in foreground.] Mexico BY Waite, Charles Burlingame (1861-1929) of Mexico City 1900 c.
  • PH174_20 Soldiers Monument, American Cemetery, City of Mexico. "The culmination of the American Invasion of 1848." [European man stands beside cenotaph.] Mexico BY Waite, Charles Burlingame (1861-1929) of Mexico City 1900 c.
  • PH174_21 Las senoritas Toreras. Salida. City of Mexico. "The civilization that was substituted." [Women bull fighters entering the arena.] Mexico BY Waite, Charles Burlingame (1861-1929) of Mexico City 1900 c.
  • PH174_22 Room of the Mosaics, Mitla ruins. "The civilization that was destroyed." [Native guide and woman pose in narrow excavated room lined with geometric rockwork on walls.] Mexico BY Waite, Charles Burlingame (1861-1929) of Mexico City 1900 c.
  • PH174_23 Mexican troops in review before President Diaz. Mexico BY Waite, Charles Burlingame (1861-1929) of Mexico City 1900 c.
  • PH174_24 A coffee nursery on the Isthmus. "At work for the American. Free labor, adequate wages, & the scientific agriculture of the 20th century." [Laborers at work in field, with overseers. Rustic A-frame structure in background.] Mexico BY Waite, Charles Burlingame (1861-1929) of Mexico City 1900 c.
  • PH174_25 Cathedral illuminated, Sept. 15th, 11 pm, City of Mexico. [Fireworks over cathedral. Annotation on back about Hidalgo and the declaration of independence.] Mexico BY Waite, Charles Burlingame (1861-1929) of Mexico City 1900 c.
  • PH174_26 Illumination of Catedral and Palace. 11 pm Sept. 15th, City of Mexico. [night scene of illuminated building during celebration of independence. Annotation on back about celebration and government control over populace.] Mexico BY Waite, Charles Burlingame (1861-1929) of Mexico City 1900 c.
  • PH174_27 Mutual Life Building, Mexico City. New Post Office [1902-1907]at extreme left. Mexico BY Cox, Percy S. of Mexico 1905 c.
  • PH174_28 [Portrait of Gen. Reyes, governor of Nuevo Leon, killed in revolt Feb. 9, 1913. Annotation on back about Reyes' political prospects.] Mexico BY Schlattman Hermanos of Mexico
  • PH174_29 President Diaz, his latest photograph. [Portrait of Mexican president in uniform.] Mexico BY Schlattman Hermanos of Mexico
  • PH174_30.1 "Prominent members of Mexico's Monterey Commission Circa 1903. Economist Jeremiah Whipple Jenks (1856-1929) , Charles H. Conant, Edward Brush and Jose Ives Limantour, Pablo Macedo (1851-1918), Enrique C. Creel, Joaquín D. Casasús (1858-1916), Jaime Gurza. Mexico BY Schlattman Hermanos of Mexico
  • PH174_30.2 [Front view of Aztec calendar, a stone wheel discovered in 1730.] Mexico BY Unknown
  • PH174_30.3 Sacrificial stone. [Side view of Aztec sacrificial altar.] Mexico BY Pellandina, C. of Mexico
  • PH174_30.4 [Cigarette card of Gen. Diez, Gov. of San Luis Potosi] Mexico BY Unknown

San Diego

  • PH174_31 Poker party for the Padres at Jam Weston's Jam goes around taking pictures. Players at table are Henry Benner (Died Dec. 1952), Lieut. of Police Ed Dieckmann, Ronal Kaiser (Dale Clark), Eugene P. Lyle Jr. California-San Diego BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_32 Los Padres [Staged portrait of local history group of San Diego, CA in bar scene. All identified; Lyle is present.] California-San Diego BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_33 Mission San Diego de Alcala as it stands reconstructed today. [Reconstruction was completed in 1931.] California-San Diego BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_34 Charley del Pozo and Billy Menke examining an old photograph showing the opening of the well del Pozo fell in when a school boy. By landmarks shown in the photograph they were able to find what is left of the well. In the background is the mission. California-San Diego BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_35 Left is Billy Menke, now with the Identification Bureau of the San Diego Police Department, and Charley del Pozo, garage owner, standing by part of the crumbled adobe well that surrounded the olive orchard. The mission is in the background. These men knew about the tunnels when as small boys they attended the old St. Anthony Indian School at the mission. California-San Diego BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_36 Charley del Pozo standing by the old tile house covering the double well. To the right is the cross marking the spot where Padre Luiz Jaime was found slain by Indians. [California-San Diego BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_37 Left to right: Louis Geddes of the San Diego Historical Society, Charley del Pozo, and Billy Menke. Behind them is the tile house covering the old double well. California-San Diego BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_38 Miss Dorothy Barr of the Junipero Serra Museum in San Diego, holding a cowhide bucket that was found when cleaning out the old double well at the Mission. California-San Diego BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_39 Miss Dorothy Barr of the Junipero Serra Museum in San Diego, holding a cowhide bucket that was found when cleaning out the old double well at the Mission. California-San Diego BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_40 Two Mexican girls living where the old mission olive orchard used to be, standing by tall date palms planted by the padres over one of the tunnels. California-San Diego BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_41 Big Injun 8. Captain John, San Diego character of the '80s and regarded by the white population as chief of the local Indians, who sent their children to the St. Anthony Indian School at the mission. [Portrait of man in top hat and uniform jacket holding bundle of rods.] California-San Diego BY Unknown

Miscellaneous

  • PH174_42 [Leonardo Da Vinci's Last Supper fresco in Milan.] Italy BY Unknown 1903 c.
  • PH174_43 Milan, Piazza del Duomo.[View of façade of cathedral in Milan and piazza.] Italy BY Fotocromo Milan 1903 c.
  • PH174_44 Piazza San Marco presa dalla porta princiale della Basilica. [View across piazza from St. Mark's in Venice.] Italy BY Gobbato, Ferd. of Venice 1903 c.
  • PH174_45 Fort of the old Popes. Villeneuve les Avignon. [View of the castle in Avignon where the popes resided.] France BY LaCour, F. of Marseille 1903 c.
  • PH174_46 [Rafael's Madonna of the Chair, Pitti Palace, Florence.] Italy BY Unknown 1903 c.
  • PH174_47 Eugene P. Lyle, Jr. [Portrait of gentleman, grease crop marks.] Unknown BY Unknown
  • PH174_48 Eugene Percival Lyle, 3 months old, 1874. [Portrait of baby.] Unknown BY Freeman, Alfred of Dallas, Texas 1874
  • PH174_49 [Portrait of baby, 1950s?] Unknown BY Unknown 1950s
  • PH174_50 Marjorie & Ethel & myself (E.P.L. Jr.) at 4027 3rd Ave., Kansas City, Mo., March 1923. [Lyle seated on porch with his daughters in sailor suits in his lap.] Missouri BY Unknown 1923 Mar
  • PH174_51 My mother and Booze [dog] in patio of our home in San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Mexico BY Unknown
  • PH174_52 Booze, the 5th member of our family residence and home in San Luis, Mexico. [Portrait of pit bull seated on chair.] Mexico BY Unknown
  • PH174_53 July 1938. Light too strong but you will recognize the corner and Mr. Heght. [Elderly gentleman seated amid plants in a home conservatory.] Unknown BY Unknown 1938 Jul
  • PH174_54.1 Jamescrest farm house, July 3rd, 1923 Virginia BY Unknown 1923
  • PH174_54.2 Jamescrest, 1941. Virginia BY Williamson, Lizzie 1941
  • PH174_55 [Portrait of unidentified man, possibly Lyle's father.] Unknown BY Unknown
  • PH174_56 Birch Kuykendall, alias "Filipino Kid," or thief, arrested Cripple Creek, Jan. 16, 1902, from Pinkerton's Rogues Gallery in Denver. [Portrait.] Colorado BY Unknown 1902
  • PH174_57 John B. Frederstein, or thief, arrested Cripple Creek, Jan. 16, 1902, from Pinkerton's Rogues Gallery in Denver. [Portrait.] Colorado BY Unknown 1902
  • PH174_57 Hartley J. Lake, or thief, arrested Cripple Creek, Jan. 16, 1902, from Pinkerton's Rogues Gallery in Denver. [Portrait.] Colorado BY Unknown 1902
  • PH174_59 [Studio portrait of two young men, possibly Rough Riders, posed with revolvers. One identified as Otis Blick.] Colorado BY Unknown 1902 c.
  • PH174_60 Holy City, Cal. [Cars downtown., view from above] California-Holy City BY Unknown 1930s c.
  • PH174_61 Holy City, Cal. [View from street level, includes Fire Chief gasoline and Acme signs.] California-Holy City BY Unknown 1930s c.
  • PH174_62 Holy City, Cal. [View from street level, includes Fire Chief gasoline and Acme signs.] California-Holy City BY Unknown 1930s c.
  • PH174_63 Pershing's field car, Holy City, Cal. [Side view of display car, with large sign about Holy City philosophy…"the whiteman is king of the world."] California-Holy City BY Unknown 1930s c.
  • PH174_64 [Front view of Santa shrine and mineral water dispenser at Holy City.] California-Holy City BY Unknown 1930s c.
  • PH174_65 [Line of Santas at mineral water dispenser at Holy City. Annotation on back …"Father Riker had some 'philosophy' regarding them…"] California-Holy City BY Unknown 1930s c.
  • PH174_66 Santa Claus, Holy City, Calif. California-Holy City BY Unknown 1930s c.
  • PH174_67 Where there is life, there's Acme. [Beer company sign in Holy City. Line of miniature churches in front, dispensing mottos per annotation.] California-Holy City BY Unknown 1930s c.
  • PH174_68 "Truly yours, H.A. Naylor" City Marshall of Victor, CO and a terror to high-graders For high-graders or on Crippler Creek strike. [Portrait with hat and gun belt.] Colorado BY Unknown 1902 c.
  • PH174_69.1 [Portrait of Eugene Lyle.] Taken in studios of Douglas Fairbanks Sr. at United Artists. California-Los Angeles BY Unknown 1928 c.
  • PH174_69.2 [Portrait of Eugene Lyle.] Taken in studios of Douglas Fairbanks Sr. at United Artists. California-Los Angeles BY Unknown 1928 c.
  • PH174_70.1 [Portrait of Eugene Lyle.] California-Los Angeles BY Lynch, Charles E. of Hollywood, CA 1940 c.
  • PH174_70.2 [Portrait of Eugene Lyle.] California-Los Angeles BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_70.3 [Portrait of Eugene Lyle.] California-Los Angeles BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_70.4 [Portrait of Eugene Lyle.] California-Los Angeles BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_70.5 [Portrait of Eugene Lyle.] California-Los Angeles BY Unknown 1940 c.
  • PH174_71 [Portrait of unidentified man, possibly Lyle as a young man.] Unknown BY Unknown
  • PH174_72 Mme. Francoise Judice, mother of Mrs. Mimi Jno. Augess [?], grandmother of Mrs. E.P. Lyle. Her husband was thrown from a horse and killed. Unknown BY Unknown
  • PH174_73 [Staff of Kansas City Times. People identified include Percy Cox, Dick Slater, Lyle, Myrtle Hale, City ed Charles Sutton, Night ed Charles Blackeley, Louis Shouse, city ed Charles O'Brien, William Sohlbery Salisbury.] Unknown BY Lillie, George H. of Kansas City, MO 1894-1897
  • PH174_74.1 [Portrait of Eugene Lyle.] Unknown BY Unknown
  • PH174_74.2 [Portrait of Eugene Lyle.] Unknown BY Unknown
  • PH174_75 [Portrait of Eugene Lyle.] Unknown BY Unknown
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