University of Oregon

Historic Photograph Collections

Hazard Stevens photographs, c. 1840s-1918

Hazard Stevens at Mt. Rainier about 1916. PH101-30Collection number:PH101

Extent: 1.5 linear ft. (2 containers)

Abstract

Hazard Stevens (1842-1918) was the son of the first governor of Washington Territory, and worked in law and for the Oregon Steam Navigation Co. He served in the Civil War and received a Medal of Honor. Stevens was one of the first to ascend Mt. Rainier, in 1870. The collection consists of portraits of family and friends, Civil War officers, and Northwest landscapes.

Image shown: "Gen. Hazard Stevens on Mt. Tacoma [Mt. Rainier]." Photographer unknown, c. 1916. Image cropped. Hazard Stevens photographs, PH101-30, Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403-1299. All rights reserved.

Preferred citation: [Identification of item], Hazard Stevens photographs, PH101-[item number], Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon, Eugene,Oregon 97403-1299.

Biographical Sketch

Hazard Stevens (1842-1918) was born June 9, 1842, in Newport, RI, to Isaac I. Stevens (1818-1862) and Margaret Hazard Stevens. The Stevens, Lyman and Hazard families had deep roots in New England, and a family home built in 1670, the Wanton-Lyman-Hazard House, is the oldest surviving house in Newport and a historical landmark. In 1853 Isaac Stevens was named first governor of the Washington Territory and given authority over the tribes as Superintendent of Indian Affairs, an authority he exercised with a heavy hand. Hazard traveled with him through the Northwest, attended meetings with tribal leaders, and served as a volunteer during the 1855-1856 conflicts. Isaac Stevens served in Congress for Washington in 1857 and 1858.

Hazard Stevens entered Harvard in 1860 but joined his father's regiment, the 70th Highlanders of the New York Volunteers, when the Civil War erupted. Hazard rose to captain in 1861, while his father became a general. At the battle of Chantilly, Isaac was killed and Hazard twice wounded. On recovery, he was assigned to the Third Division of the 9th Corps under Getty, as inspector-general. Hazard Stevens was instrumental in the capture of Fort Huger, Virginia, on Apr. 19, 1863, for which he received the Congressional Medal of Honor. He transferred to the Second Division and received a third brevet, as brigadier general, at Petersburg on Apr. 2, 1865. Stevens mustered out Sept. 30, 1865.

He returned to Washington and began work for John C. Ainsworth as an agent for Oregon Steam Navigation Company at Wallula. In May 1868 he became collector of inland revenue for the territory, and moved to Olympia. During his three years as tax officer he also read law with Elwood Evans, and was admitted to the bar. His chief client was the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, where he actively suppressed rampant theft of public lumber, and successfully led a local campaign to extend the railroad to Olympia. In 1874 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Stevens to investigate British claims on the San Juan Archipelago.

With Philemon B. Van Trump, Stevens made the first successful documented ascent of Mt. Rainier (then known as Mt. Tacoma) on Aug. 17, 1870. Caught by bad weather, they sheltered in a thermal vent and survived to descend.

In 1874 Stevens followed his mother and three sisters back to Boston, residing at Crest Lawn house in Dorchester, and entered the Massachusetts state legislature in 1885 as a reformer. He was a founder of the Massachusetts Tariff Reform League and secretary for several years. He ran unsuccessfully for Congress. In 1907-1908, he was instrumental in preserving Boston's Old State House and legislated its protection as an historic structure. Stevens retained property at Cloverfields farm in Olympia, visiting each year to oversee management; the house is now on the National Historic Register. Hazard Stevens wrote a noted biography of his father and many papers on the Civil War. He never married. Hazard Stevens died in 1918.

Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of 64 photographic prints, an engraving and a drawing, and is arranged by size. The bulk consists of portraits of associates, friends and family members, and family properties including the Newport house. Images 43-53 depict cadet life at the Naval Academy at Annapolis c. 1890s, although their connection to Stevens is undetermined. Images 55-60 show Civil War officers in camp. Images 29-30 and 61-66 show the Mazamas and another hiking group. Images 33-37 are a series of Northwest landscapes by A.C. Warner, many taken during John Muir's 1888 ascent of Mt. Rainier.

Box 1: Prints, small

  • PH101_01: [Portrait of bearded man in hat.] BY Spencer. S.A. of Victoria, BC, Canada. LOC Canada-Victoria, British Columbia. DATE 1870s c. FORMAT VPCV
  • PH101_02: [Portrait of elderly man with mustache.] BY Stotz, C.C. of El Reno, Oklahoma Territory. LOC Oklahoma. DATE 1890 c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_03: Camilla Antoinette Disch, Elizabeth Freyth Frithing [?] and Lilian Disch. [Portrait of three young women with leg-o-mutton sleeves.] BY McAlpin & Lamb of Portland, OR (1889-1896). LOC Oregon-Portland, Multnomah/Clackamas/Washington County. DATE 1870s c. FORMAT VPCV
  • PH101_04: Newport, Aug. 1888. [Portrait of middle-aged woman.] BY Ludocivi, Julius of NW & Newport, RI. LOC Rhode Island-Newport. DATE 1888 Aug. FORMAT VPCV
  • PH101_05: [Portrait of young woman, full-length, seated, in elaborate gown.] BY Buchtel & Stolte of Portland, OR (1873-1880 c.). LOC Oregon-Portland, Multnomah/Clackamas/Washington County. DATE 1880s c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_06: Dr. David Swinson Maynard (1808-1873). [Portrait, full length. Maynard was a Seattle physician and friend of Chief Seattle who advocated for the tribal community] BY Bailey, E.J. of Seattle, WA. LOC Washington-Seattle. DATE 1860s c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_07: [Portrait of unidentified bearded man.] BY Brodech, H.H. of Walla Walla, WA. LOC Washington-Walla Walla. DATE 1880s c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_08: [Portrait of woman.] BY Ludocivi, Julius of NW & Newport, RI. LOC Rhode Island-Newport. DATE 1880s c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_09: Col. R. I. Eskridge. [Portrait of Richard Isaac Eskridge (1840-1903) in US Army uniform.] BY Godfrey of Hyde Park, Chicago, IL. LOC Illinois-Chicago. DATE 1870s c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_10: [Portrait of unidentified young man with pince nez.] BY Rice of Washington, DC. LOC Washington, D.C. DATE 1880s c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_11: Lee Bingham. [Portrait of young woman, with New Year's inscription.] BY Shanafelt of Portland, OR. LOC Oregon-Portland, Multnomah/Clackamas/Washington County. DATE 1880s c.?. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_13: Harvey W. Scott. [Portrait of "Oregonian" publisher.] BY Unknown. LOC Oregon-Portland, Multnomah/Clackamas/Washington County. DATE 1900s c.?. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_14: H.H. Stevens, 80 years. [Portrait, with dedication to Gen. Hazard Stevens in Boston.] BY Singleton of Lexington, KY. LOC Kentucky. DATE 1898 May. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_15: [Portrait of unidentified man with muttonchop whiskers.] BY Stiff, T.P. of Brockton, MA. LOC Massachusetts. DATE 1880s c.?. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_16: J. Brough [? Portrait of bearded man.] BY Sharp, P.C. of Newport, RI. LOC Rhode Island-Newport. DATE 1860s c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_17: [Portrait of unidentified young woman.] BY Smith of Winter St., Boston, MA. LOC Massachusetts-Boston. DATE 1880s c.?. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_18: J.C. Young, Wellfleet. [Portrait of man from Cape Cod.] BY Pelham Studios of Boston, MA. LOC Massachusetts. DATE 1880s c.?. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_19: [Portrait of unidentified man with sideburns and moustache.] BY Pelham Studios of Boston, MA. LOC Massachusetts-Boston. DATE 1880s c.?. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_20: H. Arthur White, Leicester, Mass. House 1886. [Portrait.] BY Pelham Studios of Boston, MA. LOC Massachusetts-Boston. DATE 1886. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_21: [Portrait of young Hazard Stevens (1842-1918)] BY Notman of Boston, MA. LOC Massachusetts-Boston. DATE 1860s c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_22: [Portrait of unidentified man with sideburns and moustache.] BY Notman of Boston, MA. LOC Massachusetts-Boston. DATE 1880s c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_23: H.R. June 2, 1886. Yours sincerely, Edward H. McLaughlin. [Portrait of young man.] BY Notman of Boston, MA. LOC Massachusetts-Boston. DATE 1886 Jun 2. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_24: Jonathan Smith, Clinton, House '86. [Portrait.] BY Notman of Boston, MA. LOC Massachusetts. DATE 1886. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_25: Hazard Stevens (1842-1918) 1889. [Portrait.] BY Notman of Boston, MA. LOC Massachusetts-Boston. DATE 1889. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_26: May 1881, Crestlawn, Dorchester [Portrait of child held by woman; her face is hidden. Crest Lawn is the Stevens home in Dorchester, MA] BY Ormsby of Oakland, CA. LOC California. DATE 1880s c. FORMAT VPC
  • PH101_27: [Unidentified woman with basket on her arm posed on forest path.] BY Unknown. LOC Unknown. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M

Box 2: Prints, large

These materials are gathered in folders: Annapolis, Civil War, Houses, Portraits, and Pacific Northwest.

  • PH101_28: Port Townsend, Washington. [Small panorama of harbor with ships.] BY McMurry, J.M of Port Townsend, WA. LOC Washington-Port Townsend. DATE 1886. FORMAT ALB
  • PH101_29: Group of Mazamas on Pinnacle Peak. [Faces of men and women hikers resting.] BY Unknown. LOC Washington-Pinnacle Peak. DATE 1905 c. FORMAT PGS
  • PH101_30: Gen. Hazard Stevens on Mt. Tacoma. [Stevens hiking, in turban, at foot of Mt. Rainier.] BY Unknown. LOC Washington-Mt. Rainier. DATE 1916 c. FORMAT PGS
  • PH101_31: Mr. Mason, Secretary of State for Gov. Stevens, 1853-1857. [Portrait of man with glasses.] BY Unknown. LOC Washington-Seattle. DATE 1855 c. FORMAT ALB
  • PH101_32: Queen of Cowlitz, St. Johns Air Services of Chehalis. [Single-engine plane #4559 on ground.] BY Unknown. LOC Washington State. DATE 1930s c. FORMAT PGS
  • PH101_33: Lace Falls. BY Warner, A.C. of North Pacific News Co. LOC Washington State. DATE 1888. FORMAT PGS-C
  • PH101_34: [View of peak.] BY Warner, A.C. of North Pacific News Co. LOC Washington State. DATE 1888. FORMAT PGS-C
  • PH101_35: [Summit with blocky rock formations.] BY Warner, A.C. of North Pacific News Co. LOC Washington State. DATE 1888. FORMAT PGS-C
  • PH101_36: Lake of the Clouds. BY Warner, A.C. of North Pacific News Co. LOC Washington State. DATE 1888. FORMAT PGS-C
  • PH101_37: Crater Lake, altitude 5,280 feet. [View from shore.] BY Warner, A.C. of North Pacific News Co. LOC Oregon-Crater Lake, Klamath County. DATE 1888 c. FORMAT PGS-C
  • PH101_38: Wanton Lyman Hazard House, Newport, RI. [Etching of façade.] BY Waite, Emily Burling. LOC Rhode Island-Newport. DATE 1929. FORMAT ART
  • PH101_39: [Façade of Wanton Lyman Hazard House, Newport, RI. , similar to Newport etching.] BY Davidson, W.B. of Wakefield, RI. LOC Rhode Island-Newport. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_40: Mt. Rainier. Mountain from Nisqually Glacier at Sunrise. BY Unknown. LOC Washington-Mt. Rainier. DATE 1880s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_41: Isaac I. Stevens. [Pen and ink portrait.] BY Unknown. LOC Unknown. DATE 1840s c. FORMAT ART
  • PH101_43: "US PS Essex," great gun drill, cadets in white. [View over deck of sailing ship.] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_44: Battery drill. 1,2,3,4 field pieces, 5 & 6 Gatling guns. [Troop practicing on parade ground by Marine Barracks, spectators on lawn.] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_45: "US PS Constellation," as she appeared at the end of summer cruise having undergone the worst storm on the Atlantic, 1893. [Three masted-ship, rigging annotated on back.] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1893. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_46: Tecumseh, God of 2.5. [Figurehead of "USS Delaware" of 1817, landmark of naval academy, as noted on back. Actually depicts Tamanend.] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_47: Practice ship "Bancroft." Unarmored cruiser. [Docked hybrid vessel., steel hull] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_48: [Cadets posing on cannon by barracks.] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_49: [View of harbor with "Essex," "Constellation," and "Sumpter."] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_50: Armory of US Naval Academy. [Interior view. Note cutlasses captured from England, 1812, on wall.] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_51: Entrance to US Naval Academy. [View of gate and sentry.] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_52: Lover's Lane. (Lovers in the gloaming.) [Couples in a park.] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_53: Sea Wall (convenient for people afflicted with incurable spooniness). [Couple by artillery pieces.] BY Unknown. LOC Maryland-Annapolis. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_54: [Brick and shingle house, possibly Newport, RI.] BY Chickering, Elmer of Boston, Ma. LOC New England. DATE 1890s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_55: [Group of Civil War officers, posed on corduroy path by log cabin.] BY Unknown. LOC United States. DATE 1860s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_56: [Group of Civil War officers, posed in front of very large clapboard house.] BY Unknown. LOC United States. DATE 1860s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_57: [Group of Civil War officers, posed by tent.] BY Unknown. LOC United States. DATE 1860s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_58: [Group of Civil War officers, posed by shed.] BY Unknown. LOC United States. DATE 1860s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_59: [Group of Civil War officers, posed by shed.] BY Unknown. LOC United States. DATE 1860s c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_60: [Group of Civil War officers, posed on steps of house.] BY Unknown. LOC United States. DATE 1860s c. FORMAT ALB-M.
  • PH101_61: [Mazamas climbing on snow field.] BY Kiser, F.H., Lewis & Clark Official Photographic Co. LOC Washington-Mt. Rainier. DATE 1905 c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_62: [Mazamas at foot of glacier.] BY Kiser, F.H., Lewis & Clark Official Photographic Co. LOC Washington-Mt. Rainier. DATE 1905 c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_63: [Hikers, possibly in uniform, on scree by rock face.] BY Kiser, F.H., Lewis & Clark Official Photographic Co. LOC Washington-Mt. Rainier. DATE 1905 c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_64: [Mazamas at foot of mountain.] BY Kiser, F.H., Lewis & Clark Official Photographic Co. LOC Washington-Mt. Rainier. DATE 1905 c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_65: [Hikers by crevasse.] BY Kiser, F.H., Lewis & Clark Official Photographic Co. LOC Washington-Mt. Rainier. DATE 1905 c. FORMAT ALB-M
  • PH101_66: [Uniformed hikers, with camera, at foot of glacier.] BY Kiser, F.H., Lewis & Clark Official Photographic Co. LOC Washington-Mt. Rainier. DATE 1905 c. FORMAT ALB-M.

Related materials

Hazard Stevens papers are housed in the University of Oregon's manuscripts collection as Ax 042. Additional collections are held by Washington State University and the University of Washington. Stevens family papers are held by Yale University and by repositories throughout Washington. Records of the Oregon Steam Navigation Co. are included.  John C. Ainsworth papers, housed in the University of Oregon's manuscripts collection as Coll. 250. Search Northwest Digital Archives to see the finding aids.

Ownership

Publication rights: Property rights reside with Special Collections and University Archives. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish images must be submitted to the Photographs Curator of Special Collections and University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Access restrictions: None.

Provenance: The collection was purchased in 1970 from the Eskridge family.

Processed by: Normandy S. Helmer

Date Completed: March 2006

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