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Related Links: Research Guides

Citation Guides and Tools

On this page:

Why Cite Your Sources?

  1. Professional honesty and courtesy: writers have an obligation to indicate when they have used someone else's ideas or words.
  2. Citing sources strengthens the authority of your work. It demonstrates that you have considered others' opinions and ideas in forming your own.
  3. Accurate citations help others locate the materials you used in your research.
  4. To avoid being accused of plagiarism.
  5. To uphold the University of Oregon's Student Conduct and Community Standards.

Citation Tools

A variety of tools are available to help you manage your citations and add footnotes and bibliographies to papers and reports.

These tools include:

Commonly Used Style Guides & Manuals

The scholarly community has agreed on several standards – found in style manuals – to use when citing a reference or compiling a bibliography. Many different styles exist; the following list represents the most commonly used or prominent styles:

Publication Manual of the
American Psychological Association (APA)
Quick Online Guide
Print Copies:
6th edition, 2010 Knight Ref  BF 76.7 .P83
6th edition, 2010 A&AA Ref  BF 76.7 .P83
6th edition, 2010 Science Ref  BF 76.7 .P83
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
Quick Online Guide
Print Copies:
7th edition, 2009 Knight Ref LB 2369 .G53
7th edition, 2009 Docs Ref. LB 2369 .G53
The Chicago Manual of Style
Quick Online Guide
Full Online  - Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Ed. Online
American Sociological Association Style Guide
Quick Online Guide
Print Copies:
3rd edition, 2007  Knight Ref HM 73 .A54
Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago style for students and researchers (Turabian)
7th edition, 2007  Knight LB 2369 .T8
Complete Guide to Citing Government Information Resources: A Manual for Writers and Librarians
Revised ed., 1993  Docs Ref  Z 7164 .G7 G37
Citing Data: When writing a paper or doing a presentation, it is important to cite not only the literature consulted but also the data files used, even if it is data that you have produced. Here are instructions on how to cite data.
Created by jstaiger on Jun 18, 2012 Last updated Nov 3, 2015
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